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The Impact Of Evaporation Losses Within the Evaluation Of Crossflow Cooling Towers

Cooling TowersThe Merkel method for the thermal design of counterflow and crossflow cooling towers neglects the variation of the water stream from the tower inlet to outlet. It has been shown that neglecting the water evaporation losses introduces inaccuracies in the performance calculation of counterflow cooling towers. This research develops a way for including these evaporation losses and demonstrates that the error in the Merkel technique for crossflow cooling towers might reach 20% relying on the design conditions.

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