The concept of a cooling tower is to drag heat from an space or a stream of water by way of use of evaporation or through using a continuous circulate of air to cool the working fluid to the ambient air temperature. Ambient temperature in this case is defined as the wet-bulb air temperature within the case of evaporation, and the dry-bulb air temperature in the case of air circulate of a working fluid. Generally, cooling towers are used for cooling oil refineries, chemical plants, and thermal energy stations, including coal-fired steam plants and nuclear energy plants.
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